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Tips for Identiying Fake News
Tips to Avoid Fake News
- Check the source - is it a .com? .org? .edu? or .gov? Is the source from a Google search or did you use an academic database?
- Use the TRAAP test - Timeliness, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, Purpose
- Check the claims in the article. Can you follow up with them using reputable sources?
- Question everything. Does the site have ads? Is the source from a think tank or nonprofit that has a stake in the subject of the article? What's the author's background?
- Check any links in the article.Do they actually lead to information that verifies something in the article?
More Tips for Fact Checking and Avoiding Fake News
- When you open up a news article in your browser, open a second, empty tab. Use that second window to look up claims, author credentials and organizations that you come across in the article.
- Fake news spans across all kinds of media - printed and online articles, podcasts, YouTube videos, radio shows, even still images.
- As Mad-Eye Moody said in Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, "Constant Vigilance!" Always be ready to fact check.
- Even the best researchers will be fooled once in a while. If you find yourself fooled by a fake news story, use your experience as a learning tool.