In many parts of the world, dreams have been use to transcends the natural plan, receiving messages and prophesies from ancient god’s. Therefore, dream interpretation was a major back in ancient times, because rulers would contract professional dream interpreters were they would consulted to help make major political as wells as military decisions based on the content of their dreams.
Dating back to the late third millennium B.C., the Mesopotamia civilization was the first to develop writing and the first from which literary texts. There are still ancient recorded text of dream of royals. The early text recorded the dream of Dumuzi of Uruk (God of fertility embodying the powers for new life in nature in the spring), according to an article by Steven Tinney in the Journal of Near Eastern Studies:
Mythologically, the narrative is situated within a collection of related tales. To give but two examples: “Inana’s Descent” connects the goddess’s visit to the underworld with the need to find a substitute in order to effect her subsequent escape. Dumuzi, of course, ends up being her choice as substitute. “Inana and Bilulu” describes part of Inana’s search for Dumuzi, and features a retribution for his death which is not clearly aligned with the tradition in which she is the proximate cause of his banishment to the underworld. Several other texts parallel “Dumuzi’s Dream,” in various ways indicating that the tradition as a whole was somewhat fluid and adaptable.
In ancient Greeks had Hypnos the primordial god that is the embodiment of sleep. This particular god would get drag into Heras mischief and scheme, on putting her husband to sleep. According to his mythology is the son of Erebus (god of darkness) and Nyx (goddess of the night), he is also the husband of Pasithea goddess of rest and relaxation. Hypnos and Pasithea had three sons, Morpheus, Phobetor and Phantasos there known as the Oneiroi. The brothers represent the different stages of dreams:
The Poem of Dumuzid's Dream in song.
DUMUZI'S DREAM: (Archaeological Tablets)
“Divine Hypnos, god who knows no pain,
Hypnos, stranger to anguish,
come in favor to us, come happy,
and giving happiness, great King!
Keep before his eyes such light as is spread before them now.
Come to him, I pray you, come with power to heal!”
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